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The Japanese Chin

The Japanese Chin or the Japanese Spaniel is probably a native of Korea and was later developed in Japan before being introduced to Europe in the 1700ís. This breed became a particular favorite of the Japanese Court and would often be offered as a royal gift to visiting dignitaries. Its popularity was further increased when in 1853 a pair were given to Queen Victoria by Commodore Perry upon his return after a trip to Japan.

It was renamed the Japanese Chin in 1977 by the American Kennel Club. But despite its name the breed will always be a companion dog. Unfortunately during World War I the supply of this breed to America was cut off and so the breeders at this time were limited to what they already had in the country. Also breeders in Japan suffered losses because of earthquakes. But the dogs which were found in England and Europe have helped to maintain the breeds high level of quality as well as. They have also now made their way to the US and have now been bred with the established lines there.

Breed Specifications
The Japanese Chin is part of the AKC Toy Group and recognized when its name was changed in 1977.

Height: 7-11 inches
Weight: Up to 9 pounds
Length: The body will normally be about the same length as the dogís height

Longevity: They typically only live for less than 10 years

The Japanese Chin is a small but well balanced, lively and aristocratic toy dog that has a distinctive oriental expression to its face. This expression is also very bright, inquisitive, alert and intelligent and it is characterized by the large broad head, large wide set eyes, short broad muzzle and ear feathering. It will also have evenly patterned facial markings. The eyes of this breed are set wide apart and are large, round and dark as well as being lustrous. The ears hang down and are small and v shaped but wide apart and set slightly below the crown of the dogís skull. Whilst the skull is large and broad although slightly rounded between the ears but is not domed. The forehead is prominent and then rounds towards the nose. The muzzle of this breed is short and it will have well cushioned cheeks and rounded upper lips which cover its teeth. The nose is very short with wide open nostrils and is set level with their eyes and is upturned. The nose color is either black on the black and white or the black and white with tan points. But is self colored or black in the red and white variety of this breed. The coat of the Japanese Chin is profuse, silky, soft but straight and provides the dog with its square like outline appearance. Color: Either Black and White, Red and White or Black and White with Tan Points.

The Japanese Chin is a sensitive but intelligent dog whose only purpose in life is to be a companion to his owner. They are very responsive and affectionate to those they know but very reserved with strangers or when in new situations. Although they are good with children it is best to teach a child to be nice and gentle with this breed. They are also good with other dogs and pets. But because it has a mind of its own this breed tends to like to be the center of attention but does not bark.

Health Issues
Like many other short faced breeds the Japanese Chin tends to wheeze and snore quite a bit. They are also prone to eye and respiratory problems as well as heat prostration. There are some lines of this breed which are also prone to suffer from distemper.

This breed is particularly good for living in an apartment and will be moderately active whilst inside. Although they do not need a great deal of exercise they do enjoy daily walks and like the opportunity to be able to play out in the open. However, they are somewhat sensitive to temperature extremes.

If you wish to keep a Japanese Chinís coat looking beautiful you will need to brush it for a few minutes each day. You will need to comb out any tangles and then brush lightly lifting the hair in order that it stands out a little. Their eyes should be cleaned every day and their ears checked regularly for any signs of infection. You can dry shampoo this breed occasionally and only bathe when it is absolutely necessary. This breed is known in the dog world as an average shedder of hair.

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