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The Rottweiler Dog Breed

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The Rottweiler was bred in the German town of Rottweil and is probably descended from the Italian Mastiff breed and during the Middle Ages was used as a herding dog. By the 1800’s the breed had become practically extinct and it was only because of enthusiastic breeders who were based in Stuttgart that the breed began to make a comeback to the early Twentieth Century. Rottweilers are now more often used as tracking, herding, watchdog or guard dogs as well as for police work.

Breed Specifics
The Rottweiler is part of the AKC Working Group and was admitted to the American Kennel Club Stud Book in 1931.
Height: 22-27 inches
Weight: 85-130 pounds
Longevity: 10-12 years


Description
The Rottweiler is known for its massive powerful body and has a broad head with a rounded forehead. The muzzle on a Rottweiler is well developed with a scissors bite and the eyes are dark with an expression of goodwill and loyalty to them. The ears are triangular and carried forward on the head whilst the nose is wide and black. The tail of a Rottweiler is customarily docked and those born with rear dewclaws will usually have these removed when their tails are docked. The coat of a Rottweiler is short, hard and thick.
Color: Black with brown markings on the cheeks, muzzle, paws and legs.

Temperament
The Rottweiler is a calm dog which is easily trainable and are very courageous as well as being devoted to both their owner and their family. The temperament on the Rottweiler is reliable and will protect those who care for him/her fiercely. It is important that the training a Rottweiler has is firm and careful otherwise they may end up becoming very powerful and overly aggressive. But with the right handling they are loyal, loving and very rewarding companions to their owners. A Rottweiler is a natural guard dog although it has a mellow temperament and is very intelligent and does well in obedience lessons, schutzhund and tracking competitions.

Health Issues
The Rottweiler is prone to ACL damage as well as hip displaysia and often tends to snore and overeat. Some Rottweilers may also be prone to suffering from entropion (the narrowing of the slit between the dog’s eyelids).

Lifestyle
A Rottweiler can cope with living in an apartment but they do need to have plenty of exercise in fact they thrive on the more exercise that they are given. They love to run around but they usually do not wander far from their owners.

Grooming
A Rottweiler’s coat is smooth and glossy and easy to look after and they do not shed their coat too much. They should be brushed using a firm bristle brushed and only be bathed when necessary.




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