January 20, 2018

How To Keep Your Pet Healthy

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by Mr. John Sommer, PhD.

Assuming that you are a pet owner and that you probably own either a cat or a dog (as that is what most pet owners do) I am not going to teach you something that you do not know but rather bring your attention to something that you might have forgotten.

* Amount of exercise: Both cats and dogs need physical activity. Movement is vital to any pet and the larger pet the more exercise is needed. That is why dogs will often require more exercise than cats.

* Way to exercise: If your cat is a stay at home cat you will need to take it out into nature. If you live in a big city you must take it for daily walks. All dogs (even the smaller ones) will need at least one daily walk and for larger breeds you need two or three walks a day of at least 30 minutes.

* Don’t spoil: Giving your pet food in excess amounts will be just as harmful for them as it is for you to overeat. The problem is that since they are pets they don’t know that what you’re giving them will actually harm them.

* Vitamins and minerals: Be sure to ask your VET what she recommends that you purchase for your pet. Some pet foods are better than others and you’ll most likely find that you can benefit from finding breed specific products.

* Love: Just like humans a pet will need love from you and from anyone else in your family. Without love a pet will lose the will to live just like a human would. Talk to your pet daily using happy words and make sure to keep a physical contact as well.

* Insure your pet: Every day thousands of pets get hurt by cars and there is nothing we can do about it. But instead of hoping that it’ll never happen to your pet be sure to get an good pet health insurance that will cover everything if bad luck strikes.

* Plan: Make sure you use a schedule for all major appointments. Be sure to note the regular VET check-ups and that your pet gets any medication or vaccines that it’ll need. Small things like these will add up in the long run.

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Helpful Hints to Help Dog Behavior Training

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by Joe R. Hilliard

When it comes to dog behavior training, beyond the standard house breaking, leash training, and bark and bite training, a dog owner must be prepared to deal with excessive urination when the dog gets excited, controlling whining, and crate training.

The first priority when a new puppy is introduced into the home is house breaking the puppy. This is not something that can be rushed, because the more the issue is pushed, the less results you are likely to see. Designate a certain area for papers, gradually reducing that area as you increase the frequency of trips outside and watch for signs from the puppy. Bladder control is learned over time, and you must be patient.

For leash training, you’ll want to quickly let the dog know that you are in control of the leash, or the puppy will try to take advantage of the situation. When he or she goes to a place you do not want them to go, make sure to gently pull on the leash and speak the command of your choice. It is important that your dog is leash trained with you in control for outdoor and socialization purposes.

The last thing you want to deal with is a dog that barks all time and chews or bites everything. Show the dog that this behavior is unacceptable by allowing him or her to spend time with other, older dogs. This will help because this is a task that nature would have assisted with.

When a dog whines, it is perhaps one of the most annoying sounds for a human. Teaching a dog to control this will help for a better, happier, coexistence as the dog ages. It is a problem that needs to be addressed quickly and handled firmly. Trust the dog to be alone and quiet for short periods of time and reward this before leaving him or her alone for any extended period of time. This is because the whining generally is a result of being away from the family.

The sooner you can get the dog’s whining under control the better for everyone. The dog probably whines because he or she does not want to be away from you, so before you go away for long periods of time be sure to give puppy time to adjust and reward small periods of alone, quiet time before pushing the long ones.

Whining is something dogs love to do and their owners hate to hear. It is usually the result of separation anxiety from the family and his or her loved ones. The way to combat this is to train your dog to be left alone and quiet for short periods of time before leaving them alone for a longer period of time.

If you do not have a lot of time or commitment to devote to dog behavior training, then owning a dog that is already trained may be a better option for you, because having a new puppy in home takes a lot of focus. Make sure you are willing to put forth the effort and dedication required before bringing home the animal. If you think obedience school will solve the problems, you should realize that it will help, but it needs to be reinforced at home.

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The Pet Tuxedo Phenomenon

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by Victor Santerino

Many people know all about tuxedo cats, but do you know about cat tuxedos? People all over the country have been dressing their pets for years. Dogs and cats seem to be the most popular animals to dress in human like costumes.

Although many costumes have been created for dogs and cats, the tuxedo still remains the most popular. Pet tuxedos help attendees accept the dog or cat in the ceremony, when otherwise they might not.

The cat tuxedo is not seen nearly as often as its antithesis. However, you will see some cat lovers dressing up their cats and placing them near the alter during wedding ceremonies.

The major advantage of putting a cat in a tuxedo over a dog is that the cat is less likely to rip the tuxedo off right away. Once the cat is used to the tux he/she usually leaves it alone. This is great because you do not want to have to follow the cat around fixing its tuxedo all day long.

Cats have a disadvantage over dogs in the fact that they are usually less dense in size. They cannot have a big and regal tuxedo placed onto them because it simply will not fit correctly.

Placing a dog tuxedo on your dog is the most common practice you can do in terms of dressing up your pet. These animals have been used in weddings as ring bearers for quite some time now.

The dog looks great in a tuxedo because he/she can hold large tuxedos with great detail and style. This animal can even sustain a top hat if you have trained him/her to cooperate with a hat.

The great hindrance to placing a tuxedo on a dog is the dog itself. Many dogs will take the tuxedo off by biting and pulling. These animals need to be taught to keep the tuxedo on them well before the tuxedo event.

Bookmark this page and read carefully over it before embarking on a pet tuxedo adventure. This will ensure that you know what are going to be involved in.

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The Hounddog Brazilian mastiff

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by Hedi Salson

Tracking and sniffing is the Brazilian mastiff’s job, the gentle giants are a cross between a mastiff and a bloodhound. Giving them their full title of Fila Brasilerio they originate from Brazil and were introduced to the United States of America by the Conquistadors. In the early years of the breed its main purpose was to guard plantations.

The bigger the better and this one is big, the Brazilian mastiff can weigh over 100 pounds and stand 2 feet tall. Colouring goes from tan to black, with yellow and brindled dogs been very sought after, facially the dogs have the looks of the other cross the bloodhound.

mastiffs can be gentle or aggressive when the situation requires it, very very loyal and make a valued member to anyone’s family, very good with children also.

hunting comes natural to the Brazilian mastiff because of their bloodhound instincts, the purpose of the mastiff in the hunt is to mainly track the hunted animal , and after capture to hold the animail with causing no damage. Their real name starting with fila means to hold in Portuguese.

protective and loyal are only part of the traits of this breed of mastiff, they are in general a much healthier dog benefiting from been more active and not been prone to been over weight.

One of the downside traits of the mastiff is their dislike for strangers, they have been known to attack for no reason, so be warned if you have a tradesman coming to the house make sure your protective giant is out of the way.

The way to get to know you Brazilian mastiff is to spend time with the dog, the have personality of their own and will repay you with loyalty and affection, as well as eating you out of house and home. The protective side has even been showed with some mastiffs taking a dislike to show judges.

if you are thinking of getting a Brazilian mastiff puppy be sure to do your research, make sure the breeder has a license and will give references if asked, and if you are not sure ask questions.

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Shih Tzu: Man’s Best Friend

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by Rebecca Simpson

The popular Shih Tzu breed has rich origins in royal Chinese history. Today’s Shih Tzu descends from dogs bred by Dowager Empress Tzu Hsi of Tibet, who rose to power in 1861 and died in 1908.

The Empress bred her dogs for traits like loyalty, good disposition, and perfect facial features. She gave Shih Tzu puppies as gifts to Chinese nobility and foreign diplomats. Tragically, when the Empress died, her successor resented the dogs and the era they represented, and many dogs were killed.

The breed first appeared in the United Kingdom during the late 1920s or early 1930s. North American soldiers who got to know the breed in Europe during World War II became fond of the little dogs and brought them back to the United States and Canada.

The Shih Tzu is a small, lightweight dog, weighing from nine to sixteen pounds. Its size makes it well suited as a lap dog and a pet for city dwellers. The dogs have been bred for centuries to provide human amusement and companionship. They are eager to please and thrive when they are the center of attention.

The dogs were bred to have a lion-like appearance, with their flattened facial muscles, bowed legs, bulging eyes, and intimidating facial expressions earning them the nickname of “lion dogs.” Their wrinkled faces were also said to resemble chrysanthemum flowers, giving rise to the breed’s second nickname of “chrysanthemum dog.”

The Shih Tzu’s coat is long and slightly wavy and requires careful daily grooming to prevent mats and tangles. The results are worth the effort, as the dog’s silky coat enhances its elegant appearance.

The dog makes an excellent family pet but is equally content to be a companion for a single owner or a couple without children. The Shih Tzu is happiest when it is the center of attention, so families with infants or very young children are advised to wait until the children are a bit older before purchasing a Shih Tzu, to avoid potential problems with jealousy.

The British Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1935, and the breed continues to be popular in the U.K. and Europe. In 2006, the Shih Tzu ranked ninth in the American Kennel Club’s rankings of breed popularity. This is a particularly remarkable accomplishment, considering that the AKC first recognized the breed in 1969. The little Shih Tzu has come a long way in the United States in just under forty years, and it is likely to continue to grow in popularity as more and more people discover what a delightful pet this breed is.

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Dog Training: Do You Know Cross Contextualization?

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by Ras Reed

There are innumerable terms that you will have to grasp in the course of training your dog. This will assist you, not only to understand your dog but it will also help you attain some measure of success. One of such terms you must acquaint yourself with is cross contextualization. Remember, your dog is a social animal and is likely to be in a lot of places where you expect it to respond to your commands easily and quickly.

What is cross contextualization? It simply refers to the process of retraining your dog using the same commands in another setting or context. Initially, you started training your dog at home in the backyard or in the park. This made your dog to respond to your commands in that particular area or spot. But when you become confident of the dog’s ability to respond swiftly to your commands, you thought that it would repeat the same anywhere you take it.

To Illustrate, you may be surprised when you take your dog to a public park and command it to sit but it could not respond. The crisis is that it has become conversant in the training at home and could not come to grasp with the new environment. In other words, your dog has not acclimatized to the new setting and therefore need you to do some retraining for it to respond to your commands.

Thence, as a dog owner you grasp that your dog can’t be curtailed to a particular place. So, to evade confusing your dog, it is highly very important for you to retrain it in any new area or location you take it to. It is desirable to list the places you will be visiting along with the dog and build your training sessions around those places or locations.

Be counseled that retraining your dog is not as testy as when you were training it the first time. In cross contextualization, all you have to do is get the dog aware of the new place. In other words, let it get used to the new place in order to respond to your commands. Furthermore, the length of time of training in the new place is steadily shorter than initial training. Now that you are aware of what cross contextualization means, it is no longer acceptable yelling at your dog when you take it to a new environment that is totally different from where you trained it to obey you. All you have to do is patiently train it in the setting you have brought it.

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Yorkie 101: The History Of The Yorkshire Terrier

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by Susan Bailey

Today’s Yorkshire Terrier is a far different dog than when the breed appeared in 1865. In over just one hundred years, the size has been greatly reduced from an average weight of thirty pounds to a mere seven pounds today. And the trend is to have the Yorkie (as the breed is affectionately called) get even smaller, with adults tipping the scales at a mere three pounds. But who knows? Perhaps in the future, there will be a demand for the Yorkshire Terrier to grow back into a thirty pound dog.

Back in the 1870′s, word was getting around about the great pups from a sire named Huddersfield Ben, who was born in 1865. Huddersfield Ben was considered an ideal dog – a champion ratter as well as being friendly and handsome. Any dog that resembled Huddersfield Ben had to have been from Yorkshire, where Ben lived. Yorkshire dog breeders kept their breeding methods secret so they could be assured of buyers. His puppies eventually became known as Yorkshire Terriers.

Back in 1865 – the year of Huddersfield Ben’s birth – dogs were bred to exhibit useful qualities, not for their looks. There also was not much interest in keeping breeds pure. There are very few accurate records of dog breeding at this time. It is also thought that dog breeding was considered such a secret business that no records were kept for fear of the knowledge getting out to competitors. Yorkshire Terriers got their name because the breed was perfected in Yorkshire.

Yorkshire Terriers were bred to be specialists in killing rats. They were (and still are) thought to be more reliable at killing mice and rats than cats. They were also bred to bark when they found their prey and to let their masters know where they are. The mining industry thrived in Yorkshire at this time – and the mines were full of rats. They were until the Yorkshire Terriers got to work.

Back then, dogs went everywhere with their masters. A Yorkshire Terrier would go to work in the mines and come home with his master to the family. The family found the Yorkies to be great companions and excellent watchdogs. The coats became even softer and silkier. Eventually, the men went to work without the dogs and the dogs became pampered family members. The breed needed very little exercise, looked spectacular and was very trainable.

It is thought that the sire Huddersfield Ben weighed about thirty pounds. As the need for working dogs decreased, the demand for small dogs increased. The Yorkshire Terrier became increasingly smaller and smaller.

The hot trend is top breed Yorkies that tip the scales at three pounds, which has lead to concerns about the health of breeding such small dogs. The Yorkshire Terrier, as of 2006, is the second most popular purebred dog in America.

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Dog Food FAQ’s

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Pet food never used to be a problem, as most people simply gave their pet table scraps. But now we know that giving our dog table scraps is bad, this is because it can cause to health problems, because the food eaten by humans is not always right for dogs.

Selecting the satisfactory dog food can be difficult and there is no one dog food that is suitable for every dog. Depending on the size, breed, and age of your dog the right dog food varies. Convenience might also enter into what you think is the right kind of dog food for your pet.


Chemicals and preservatives are just as bad for dogs as they are for humans. The recent case of contaminated dog food that has led to pet deaths has scared many pet owners. In many cases to the point of completely eliminating any commercial dog food in their home. While making your own dog food at home is certainly one way to control the food your dog eats, it is not always convenient or possible.

One way to eliminate preservatives from your pet’s diet is to select a holistic pet food that is chemical and additive free. There are a number of brands that provide good nutrition without chemicals or additives. Wellness dog food is one example of pet food that has all the goodness of nature without the nasty chemicals that can cause your dog to feel ill.

Dry Food Or Canned

Do you give your pet dry dog food or canned pet food is another decision you might want to make. For some pet owners this is a matter of economics. Dry food is easier to store and frequently a lot cheaper. This will mean you will have to make fewer trips to the pet store and less money will be spent by you at the end of the day. While this may be more economical, you should still take care about the kind of dry food that you feed your dog.

A better choice may be canned food as it has fewer preservatives in it. But this choice can pose a storage problem and you can find it a lot more expensive than dry dog food. Another factor in choosing might be your dogs preference! Some dogs will only eat certain types of pet food while others will eat just about anything. Experiment a little and be sure to change your dogs diet slowly into eating the new dog food of your choice. You can always try different flavors to see which your dog prefers.

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Prevention of Canine Ear Infections

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by Jonathan C Halpert

Some dogs can go through their whole lives without so much as an itchy ear, while others have a never ending struggle with ear-mites, fungus, and allergies that have them forever scratching their heads. Many ear problems only affect the outer ear, and with a little effort you can greatly reduce the frequency and severity of your dogs infections.

Antibiotics like Otomax or Malotic are often used to treat severe cases, but some owners opt to take the more holistic route of using simple natural remedies to help prevent their dogs to keep from getting ear infections in the first place.

The easiest way to reduce the number of ear infections your dog has is to keep the ears clean and free of dirt and other gunk. Especially for long haired dogs, keep the hair around the ears trimmed and clean, Long hair can be a magnet for debris which can get carried into the ear canal leading to infection. Dogs with long, floppy ears are also at a higher risk of picking up dirt than are dogs with pricked ears.

A solution of vinegar and water or Hydrogen Peroxide and water is a good way to make a simple rinse for dogs with extra dirty ears. rinse the ears using either a 1:2 solution of white vinegar and water or a 1:1 solution of hydrogen Peroxide and water. Gently massage the dogs ears with a clean towel to break up and big chucks of debris, then rinse a few more times with clean water.

Commercial ear cleaners are a step up from simple vinegar. Most large pet stores will have several to choose from and many come with simple applicators as well which make treatment easier than trying to pour a vinegar/water solution into a wriggling dogs ear.

One of the easiest ways to reduce all types of infections is to improve the quality of your dogs food. The fillers often used in cheap big brand dog foods offer little to know nutritional value. In addition to sometimes triggering allergies, non-nutritional fillers do your dog no good and only serve to add bulk to the product – and ultimately to your dogs too. Treat your pup to a healthy lifestyle by starting with a high quality dog food, check with your local specialty pet center for quality brands.

In spite of looking and smelling terrible, most ear infections only affect the outer ear. Keeping the ears clean and groomed will help reduce both the discomfort of common problems as well as the risk of greater infection. More serious infections to exist and you should be aware of the symptoms. If you notice your dog tilting their head more than normal, walking in circles, or showing signs of general clumsiness, it may be a sign of a more serious condition and you should schedule a trip to your local vet.

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